‘’Understanding a question is half an answer’’ /Socrates/

Psychotherapy is a method of treatment that uses language and communication to achieve the desired change.

Psychotherapist’s consultation can be useful in various situations in life – moments of significant unexpected changes, when a person is faced with difficult or unpleasant situations (work, family), and in situations where the discomfort of the inner world is already long-lasting and has “accumulated slowly”. In such cases, strong anxiety or a somber mood can develop, and emotional discomfort may seem overwhelming, leading to despair and hopelessness.

Sometimes, the only sign of emotional problems is a long lasting physical discomfort or a feeling of physical illness.

Psychotherapy techniques are used to understand why a person, at a particular time, expresses complaints, emotional or physical discomfort, or disturbing feelings, and to help overcome them or, at least, reduce their impact on the person’s life.

The aim of psychotherapy is to help improve relationships with oneself and others, which usually also leads to the reduction or even disappearance of disturbing physical or emotional feelings.

When to consider a psychotherapy

  • episodes of anxiety that cause discomfort;
  • periodic attacks of severe fear (panic), with palpitations, sweating, choking, shortness of breath or chest pain, which may be accompanied by dizziness or loss of reality;
  • fear in certain situations (such as speaking in public or flying on the plane) or a vague feeling of fear, not related to a specific situation;
  • sadness, depression, loss of joy in life, lack of energy, indifference or emptiness, difficulty concentrating, guilt, disturbed sleep, altered appetite;
  • prolonged physical discomfort in various organs and systems, such as digestive system, cardiovascular system, respiratory system, when in-depth investigations fail to explain the reasons for the discomfort;
  • unpleasant situations in life (work, family, with friends), that lead to the feeling of being overwhelmed or “constant stress”, which may be accompanied by a depressed mood, anxiety or difficulty to sleep;
  • mental fatigue, with unpleasant, distracting thoughts or memories, difficulty concentrating, accompanied by an “internal tension”, difficulty relaxing, irritability, and, possible feeling of physical weakness and muscle pain.


1. Practitioner’s Guide to Evidence-Based Psychotherapy, Jane E. Fisher, William T. O’Donohue

2. Encyclopedia of Mental Health, Second Edition, 2016, D.K. Freedheim, J.M. DiFilippo. S. Klostermann

3. Encyclopedia of Human Behavior (Second Edition), 2012 G.O. Gabbard, F. Rachal

4. Harvard Mental Health Letter, Merits of psychodynamic therapy, September, 2010

5. Oxford Handbook of Psychiatry (Oxford Handbooks Series) 3rd Edition, David Semple, Roger Smyth